The primary purpose of this paper is to explore Karl Barth (1886-1968)'s concept of the sacrament according to his neo-orthodox theological principle of Christocentrism. In particular, this paper analyzes why Barth strongly rejected the infant baptism, since he regarded it as a distorted custom that the Roman Catholic Church had traditionally practiced it for the purpose of registering population and ultimately collecting tax from the baptized Christians. At this point, this paper pinpoints that the infant baptism, for Barth, is not necessary anymore in the Christian liturgy. This is because for Barth 8 days old baby is neither psychologically nor spiritually mature enough to confess that the Triune God as the Creator, His Only Son Jesus Christ as the Saviour for all human beings, and the awakening and transcendental power of the Holy Spirit. Accordingly, this paper discusses not only Barth's theology of the Lord's Supper in terms of the doctrine of incarnation that had been accomplished through the Triune God's miraculous work with the transcendental power of the Holy Spirit, but also his definition of God's incarnated work into His Son Jesus Christ as the climax of His unconditional agape-love. This paper also highlights the humanity of Jesus Christ as the First and the One Sacrament, then the Living Christ as the Centre of sacrament in the theology of Karl Barth. In conclusion, this paper discusses Barth's assertion that all the faithful Christians must remind Jesus Christ's earthly life, His teachings, His bloody death on the Cross, His miraculous resurrection, and His second coming for the final judgment for all sinful human beings in this world whenever they practice the baptism and the Lord's Supper on every Sunday worship service. Therefore, this paper affirms Barth's Christ-centred theology.
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