다제내성 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 균주의 항균제 병합효과
In Vitro Activity of Antimicrobial Combination against Multidrug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently causes nosocomial infection. Recently, there have been reports of infection with multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of antimicrobial combination against multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa.Methods: Twenty isolates of imipenem and/or cefepime resistant P. aeruginosa were collected from the microbiology laboratory of Ewha Womans Unversity Mokdong Hospital. Checkerboard titration method was used to assess the activity of ceftazidime or cefepime in combination with amikacin, gentamicin or aztreonam, and colistin in combination with ceftazidime or rifampin.Results: All isolates were resistant to more than 12 antimicrobial agents including imipenem and/or cefepime by broth microdilution method; however, no isolates were resistant to colistin. Most of the isolates showed high level resistance to ceftazidime, cefepime and meropenem, with MIC90 of 128, 512 and 64 'g/mL, respectively. The MIC90 of colistin was 2 'g/mL, which is within the susceptible range. Synergistic effect was not detected by the checkerboard titration method with any antimicrobial combinations. However, a partial synergy was observed in 40% of the isolates with thecombination of ceftazidime and amikacin, 65% with ceftazidime and gentamicin, 45% with cefepime and amikacin, and 75% with cefepime and gentamicin. Other antimicrobial combinations showed indifference against most strains, and antagonism was not observed.Conclusion: Multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates were all susceptible to colistin. The combined regimens of ceftazidime with amikacin or gentamicin and cefepime with amikacin or gentamicin revealed a partially synergistic effect in 40-75% of the isolates.
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