『今昔物語集』でみられる結婚意識- 取段階の庶民の實態を中心に -
A wedding ceremony of 『Konzyakumonogatarisyu』-about the common people's actual conditions in Mukotori stage
This manuscript examined about the common people's actual conditions in Mukotori stage with a wedding ceremony of 『Konzyakumonogatarisyu』of Japanese based on the preceding study about IE at Japanese early middle ages. At the end of the ancient, the Heian period, a cohabination-marriage by Kayoi of Mukotoru-type was general way to the people but the marriage itself was unstable. Then a Mukotoru-type marriage was divided into「TumadoiKon」what was dominant thing till Nara period and「MukotoriKon」what was dominant thing from Heian period to Kamakura. And a Mukotori marriage by agreement consent is divided into four,「MaeMukotori」,「ZyunMukotori」,「KeieisyoMukotori」,「GiseiMukotori」. So we can know『Konzyakumonogatarisyu』stage's dominant and basic generation is a multiple-woman-succession type. Although we have a problem which one is majority single form or multiple form, we know a Mukotoru-type marriage was prevailed with freely marriage by mutual consent at that time. A wedding ceremony of 『Konzyakumonogatarisyu』, so to speak,passes Tumakata resident- marriage with Tumadoi, reaches an stable independent-residence type(patriarchy one husband and one wife based on a husband and wife separation syatem.) This will be a marriage system reflecting common people at that time. Especially, it seems that a ZyunMukotori marriage, wife's father become the subject of marriage, makes a foundation.
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