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미술사학연구 , 2008년, pp.75 - 104   http://dx.doi.org/10.31065/ahak.258.258.200806.003
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

신라 계림로 14호분 <금제감장보검>의 제작지와 수용경로
Gold Dagger with Inset Jewels in (from) Gyerimno Tumulus No. 14: Origins and Path of Transmission

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  • 초록

    The large array of weaponry and horse trappings yielded from Gyerimno Tumulus No 14 suggests that this Silla tomb located in Gyeongju belonged to a cavalryman A gold dagger with inset jewels arrow-holder ornaments ornamental swords a gold and silver wire-inlaid iron saddle silver wire-inlaid horse strap pendants and stirrups are some of the artifacts harvested from the Silla tomb The gold dagger with brilliant surface decorations created using insetting and granulation techniques was lying left of the remains of the deceased at waist level The ornamental plates in the shapes of letters P and D attached to the side of the scabbard appear to have been used to hang the dagger to the waist belt This paper investigates the possible place of fabrication of this gold dagger and the path through which it reached Silla by retracing the stylistic origins of the two ornamental plates in the shapes of P and D which have thus far received little academic attention Establishing a precise place of origin and path of transmission for this gold dagger presumed to have been imported from somewhere in Central Asia can not only cast light on the influence of this region and regions further West on the genealogy of Silla metalwork but also and more importantly help us pinpoint which of the equestrian civilizations that flourished in this general region principally influenced Silla Daggers and swords having two ornamental plates on the scabbard like the Gyerimno gold dagger with inset jewels have been found only in regions historically associated with equestrian peoples Swords and daggers attached with similar accessories were first produced toward the 7th century BCE by Sarmatians a horse-riding nomadic people of Central Asian origin They were later spread to regions east and west by the Yueh-chih Yuezhi another nomadic people of Turkish stock including the Han Dynasty of China the Kushan Dynasty of India Sasanid Iran and Avars in Europe to remain in use for more than 1 000 years Meanwhile examples of swords used for ornamental purposes date as far back as the 6th century CE The long sword that belonged to Shapur III of Sasanid Iran bearing with the inscription Taq-i-Bustan is one such example This change was introduced mainly thanks to the Hephthalites with whom the Sasanids fought for control over Bactria a region corresponding to the northern section of present-day Afghanistan and southern Uzbekistan toward the late 5th century Based on the sphere of power of the Hephthalites at the time gold daggers with inset jewels similar to the Gyerimno dagger found in Kazakhstan and Lake Borovoye are likely to have been fabricated in Bactria This estimate is based on the style of metalwork in these daggers which shows substantial similarities with that developed in regions further West and more particularly the Bactrian region and also on the fact that the red agates inset on their surface were of Bactrian origin Daggers with two ornamental plates originating in Hephthalite Empire are believed to have been transmitted to the Korean peninsula through the exchange between Sogdiana and Goguryeo The paper discusses musicians and performers of Sogdian origin depicted on the murals of Anak Tumulus No 3 from the mid-4th century and Jangcheon Tumulus No 1 from the mid-5th century as evidence lending weight to this hypothesis These people considered proof to Goguryeo's exchange with Central Asia were likely to have followed merchants to the ancient Korean state As demonstrated by the murals in Samarkand and Afrasiab from the mid-7th century portraying visiting Goguryeo delegations the ancient Korean state appears to have maintained a steady exchange with Sogdiana eventually developing a close enough tie to dispatch envoys The paper discusses similarities between the long swords with an accessory in the shape of letter M worn by Goguryeo envoys in Afrasiab murals and the ornamental sword found inside Takamatsuzuka Tumulus a Goguryeo settler's tomb in Japan...


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