마다가스카르의 언어 정책과 말라가시어 진흥을 위한 일반 언어학적 변론
Language Policy in madagascar and a Linguistic Argumentation for Promotion of the Malagasy
Since attaining political independence in 1960s, Madagascar, like most other African countries, has known development programmes and strategies designed to set the country on the path to economic recovery and development. However not much has been achieved in terms of a sustainable development that would positively impact on the lives of its citizenry. The language issue seems to be one factor which militates against any effort aimed at achieving sustainable development.As is well known, although a vast majority speaks Malagasy, an indigenous language of Madagascar, which has a decisive role to play in the development of the country, it is often kept on the periphery of political and socio-economic spheres. In fact, the political leaders do not regard the indigenous language as part and parcel of the efforts for securing sustainable development and better life for all.This article is set out, in the first part, to examine the language policies of Madagascar since the Independence on the belief that unless vast majority of the malagasy people are given the opportunity to use their first language in the areas of politics, social-economics, national education and so on, the road to economic recovery and sustainable development in Madagascar will remain rocky. Although there is a consensus on the necessity to promote the national indigenous for the population's well-being, a large portion of malagasy people believe that Malagasy is inferior to european languages. This is a genuine colonial cultural legacy that severely hinders national efforts designed to bring about a harmonious development and recovery of the national cultural identities. In the second part of the article we will demonstrate, that all the human languages, included Malagasy, are even equally complex and expressive and that a superiority/inferiority between human languages, a neoDarwinian notion, does not have any scientific foundation.
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