The roles of criminology or criminologist in the formation and implementation of criminal justice policy should be examined. Government and politicians have been interested in the necessity of criminological studies for their criminal justice policy. As long as politicization of criminal justice and administrative criminology is in trend, contemporary criminology cannot avoid impact from politics. Criminologists are now closely involved with governmental policies and political interest. A rational and critical distance from political influence is demanded, and critical criminology will do the task.This essay finds the problem situation of contemporary criminology at the triangle of criminal justice-mass media-conservative politics, the development of administrative criminology, and politicization of criminal justice. After that, development history of Anglo-American criminology is studied to analyse the administrative needs, social scientific interest in crime, and political mobilization of criminal justice in criminological studies. Based on this analysis, the author considers the task of critical criminologist against main-stream administrative criminology.Criminology has a task to participate in politics by providing practical criminal justice policy, realizing both rule of law and democracy. Left realism deals with the issue of crime in the dimension of socio-democracy. Left realism keeps its view on the reality of crime, and further provides an alternative politics to conservative and administrative criminology and criminal justice policy. To realise principles of democracy in criminology, public participation to the formation and implementation of criminal justice policy should be guaranteed. However, rational policy must be based upon informed opinion, not just on public opinion. Critical criminologist must provide scientific and critical information on the reality of crime and rational criminal justice policy to citizens.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.