Firstly the treatise considered a summary of the south Great Wall of Ming dynasty. The south Great Wall is a large-scale, historical ruins in the southwest provinces in China. However, there are few studies of the south Great Wall. We do not understand it about a concrete scale and the situation of the construction of the south Great Wall well. There is not a description in formula documents such as "明史" and "明??" at all. Therefore, the study about the south Great Wall, they used 地方志 written in the Qing dynasty. This treatise uses '議添募兵築邊牆' in "天下郡?利病書" they did not use, I performed detailed analysis about the south Great Wall. Why would the south Great Wall construction be necessary? It is the most basic problem. In the treatise, I analyzed the defense system of Xiangxi, I found out one interpretation. Through Ming dynasty, it was a very important problem to protect Xiangxi from Miao. For about 260 years, there were 33 times of large-scale military campaigns in Xiangxi. Since before having built the south Great Wall, XiaoShou蕭授 built the Bao 堡 in 24 places in the Xuande era, ZhangYue張岳 built the Xiao 哨 in 13 places in the Jiaqing era. All these had the same purpose. These were connection for these strategies and the construction of the south Great Wall. Miaojiang "苗疆" was strengthened by 13 Xiao 哨 built in Jiaqing era. however, plural problems occurred since Wanli era. It was the society friction that occurred between Hanren 漢人 with Miao. Ming dynasty decided to build the south Great Wall to solve these problems. This theory was proven examining the history process of Xiangxi.
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