다문화가족의 형성과 문화적 적응
The Formation and Cultural Adjustment of Multicultural Families
This article deals with multicultural families and international marriages which emerged in the Korean society from the 1990s and based on the research results and with the analysis of the research papers, newspaper articles and Internet-based data, this article discusses the topics related to multicultural families and international marriages. Specifically, the main issues of this article are as follows: ① racial mixture and multiracial people, international marriages-discussions on single-race and the awareness of racial mixture and multiracial people, the Korean War and international marriages, ② the formation of multicultural families and the family relations-the influx of workers from overseas, the formation of multicultural families and the family relations, ③ cultural adjustment of multicultural families-cultural adjustment of female marriage immigrants, cultural adjustment of children of multicultural families, proposals for the construction of healthy multicultural society.We, Koreans, generally refer to Korea as a single-race nation. Here, a single-race nation does not mean that the origin of Korean people but means that Koreans have acquired genetic homogenenity with time. Koreans were formed by the genes from the southern and northern region and they are a race of people with ethnic diversity. Based on the various kinds of data, we can draw a conclusion that it is time for us to modify our ideas of a single-race nation.It is reported that there are more than 1 million foreigners living in Korea. Experts assume that since the foreigners take up 2% of Korea's population, Korea has set foot in the age of multicultural society. However, multicultural families are more easily found in the rural areas rather than in urban areas. In the rural areas, the family relation has extended from nuclear immediate family to kinship and this kind of aspect has a big difference with that of the urban areas. Accordingly, the family relations get widened and more complex which make foreign wives to put more effort in their family life.The drawbacks of the multicultural families in the Korean society which have been discusses are as follows: ① cultural maladjustment of female marriage immigrants ② the problems of social maladjustment of children from multicultural families ③ promoting bias against multicultural families by press ④ the problems related to domestic violence ⑤ the financial difficulties of multicultural families ⑥ the moral problems of matchmakers of international marriages ⑦ the educational problems of children of multicultural families.First, in terms of racial mixture, multiracial people and international marriages, this article points out that there has been a change in the previous concept of a single-race nation and that there is a lack of changes in the awareness of racial mixture and multiracial people. In addition, with the outbreak of the Korean War, international marriages have served as a basis of multicultural society and the formation of multicultural families in the present.Second, in terms of the formation of multicultural families and the family relations, this article explicates the background of the influx of foreign workers in the early 1990s and briefly discusses the formation process of multicultural families and their family relations.Third, in terms of the cultural adjustment of multicutural families, this article inquires into the cultural adjustment of female marriage immigrants and the children of multicultural families and draws out a conclusion that bilingual acquisition of the children will be helpful in enhancing the nation's competitiveness in the future.As a result, international marriages around the Korean War, the influx of foregin workers in the early 1990s and the increase in the number of the international marriages with the opening of the 21st century account for the Korean society's change into a multicultural society, and an inclination to assimila...
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