경제·핵 병진노선의 의미와 김정은 시대의 경제정책 전망
The Implication of the Simultaneous Development Policy of Economy and Nuclear Weapons and the Prospects of Economic Policy Directions in the Kim Jong-un Era
In March 2013, North Korea introduced the simultaneous development policy of economy and nuclear weapons as a national doctrine in the Kim Jong-un era. It differs from the simultaneous development policy of economy and defence in the Kim Il-sung era in the sense that it emphasizes the economic development. In fact, Kim Jong-un needs to show his capability as a leader to his people by improving economic condition. Moreover, expansion of markets in North Korea and demands of China push North Korean government to be more interested in economic development. No matter whether it is a socialist or capitalist economy, increase of inputs or improvement of efficiency is required for economic development. North Korea is not an exemption, thus its economic policy in the future will inevitably focus on inducing foreign capital and improving economic efficiency. The simultaneous development policy should be evaluated positively because it could be the first step to change from the 'military-first' to 'economy-first' policy. However, it is not likely to bring about great success since the fundamental reform of the economic system is not accompanied and North Korea still insists to continue nuclear development program.
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