농가소득의 불평등과 영향요인에 관한 연구
A Study on Influence Factors of Inequality of Farm Household Income
This study aims to analyze the income inequality among farm households and to identify its influence factors. We used raw data of Farm Household Economy Survey from KOSTAT. In particular, eight provincial regions in Korea were analyzed except for metropolitan cities and Jeju-do. The changes in farm household income and the extent of inequality were analyzed using data on income, income sources and average incomes by deciles during the period between 2000 and 2011. Next, the Gini coefficient was also used as an inequality index. Finally, a panel linear regression model with fixed effects was used to identify factors affecting the extent of income inequality among farm households. The research results can be summarized as follows. First, the level of farm household income increased in all provinces. However, the proportion of agricultural income in total income of farm households decreased and other sources of income increased. Second, the income was highly concentrated in the upper class of income. Third, Gini coefficient increased from 0.452 in 2000 to 0.552 in 2011, indicating the inequality of income distribution got worse. Forth, the following variables were found to have statistically significant impacts on the level of inequality, such as the number of households, farm working hours among management variables, asset(capital) among asset variables, rice farming, cash crops and the proportion of livestock farming in total farms among variables for agricultural forms.
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