공증인 개인의 민사책임에서의 중과실 -공증인 징계사유의 분석 및 평가와 연계하여-
Severe Negligence in Notarization by Notary Public Resulting in Personal Obligation for Indemnity
A notary public must obey the law in notarization. Notarization against law can be invoid for fault. And if it cause a damage to client the notary public should compensate for his indemnity. But it can be done only when he made severe negligence in it's notarization. An ordinary negligence or mistake releases him from personal responsibility for the indemnity. Because the Nation is responsible for public servant's mistake. as employe. Notary public is defined as public servant by regulation. So the 'severe negligence' of notary public in notarization should be deduced from the law and regulation, act. It can be defined as ' recklessness almost near to intention or dsign'. Concretely it can be found in some causes of disciplinary action by supervisory institution. Representative case is the negligence of certification of parties- for example not face to face or both or one side's absence. And many other violations of law, act & regulation made by notary public can be 'severe negligence' case by case resulting in his personal responsibility for the indemnity.
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