During and after the global crisis of 2007-2009, nations around the world are making efforts to reform their resolution regime primarily with an intention to introduce and develop provisions to protect the public from paying for bailouts of failing banks before investors fully or partly absorb bank losses. For this objective, this article researched new Basel III requirements of loss absorbency provisions within resolution process for the financial institutions at the point of non-viability that Basel Committee on Banking Supervision issued and proposed recently. The FSB also included statutory bail-in powers as a resolution tool in its recommendations of statutory framework for resolution, the “Key Attributes of Effective Resolution Regimes”. Such “Bail-in within resolution” is an additional resolution option that could be used in association with other resolution tools, satisfying the Key Attributes for a robust resolution regime. I introduced basic concepts and structure of bail-in regime and analyzed several legal issues that may impact on the adoption of bail-in measures. The issues of this artice are limited to analyzing the legal predicates for, and obstacles associated with, implementing bail-in measures in each of the jurisdictions analyzed. One notable attribute of Bail-in regime is that it can treat each creditor group in same class in different ways. As a result, the resolution of conflicts between the “Equal Treatment of Creditors” and this Exemption under Bail-in regime should be studied. In turn, with respect to such cases, one more premise is required: where regulators impose the bail-in regime on the stakeholders including general investors (creditors) and depositors, it is necessary to be ensured that each claimants should receive the payment which is equal to or more than the amount they would have received in the liquidating process under the Bankruptcy Code. In this regards, I recommend the provision of minimum payment requirement, such as Section 210(a)(7)(B) under Dodd-Frank Act that stipulates such minimum payment requirement with respect to the Title II Orderly Liquidation Authority, in the context of payment under Bail-in regime.
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