서양철학의 전통과 윤리학, 나가르주나와 화엄, 문학
Tradition of Western Metaphysics and Ethics,N?g?rjuna and Hua-yen, Literature
This paper has a purpose of exploring how we, Eastern thinkers and critics, can start to contribute to the critical theory, literary criticism in particular, which has been limited to Western thought up to the present time. It first argues that Eastern and Western thoughts in reality have had the same goal, despite the fact that the Western metaphysics has dualism innate in its tradition. Nietzsche and Hegel are shown as the examples of Western thinkers who first had very special interests in Buddhist philosophy but turned out to consider it as a nihilism. Then Heidegger's ontology is discussed as the most representative example of Western metaphysics that has always started to show difference from the tradition but eventually regressed. Then this paper explores in great detail why and how N?g?rjuna's philosophy of emptiness as the universal consciousness and Hua-yen as the thought of true infinity without limits should be taken as the supreme teachings that reveal to us the final destination of philosophy, art, and critical theory. It is also discussed that, of contemporary postmodern ethical thoughts, Levinas's ethics is the closest philosophy toward N?g?rjuna's philosophy of emptiness and Hua-yen and can bridge the gab between Eastern and Western thoughts.
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