아버지 찾기 야담과 <감여기응(堪輿奇應)>의 소설적 성취
Father-seeking Yadam and the Novelistic Achievement of Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應)
This paper attempts a philological analysis of Yadam-style novel Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應) as it appears in Jukchanghanhwa(竹窓閑話) and Yiyakichaek(리야기책), and concludes that it ensued from rather than preceded father-seeking yadam stories of Gyeseoyadam(溪西野談) and Chungguyadam(靑邱野談). This paper analyzes the ways Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應) compensated and transformed tradition of father-seeking yadam. Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應) emphasizes yangban blood and foregrounds the role of biological father and foster father by actively utilizing narrative foreshadowing. It also mystifies human relationships by using eccentric motifs. This paper also evaluates Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應)'s place and meaning in the history of yadam. Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應) transforms narrative tradition of father-seeking yadam resulting in a tremendous leap in the development of narrative genre. Particulaly in the narration process, the author's role is foregrounded. The author's intervention is palpable not only in the narrative technique but also in characters, events, and writing style. Allusion and foreshadowing abound in the narrative process and closely correspond to the later narrative. Through the delayed narration, father-seeking yadam evolves from anecdote to novel. Author's intervention is particularly clear in the way Kim and Yi saeng sequentially set up their actions and narrate them, Author's trace is also palpable in the dynamic narration of the process of revealing the identity of the beast presumably related to the family karma. The author parodies father-seeking yadam when the third son tries to uncover the secrets of his birth and the information about his biological father from his mother. The third son becomes a omnipresent author. The author's existence is also revealed in the way Kim and Yi Saeng's characters are portrayed while their inner conflicts, suspicions, and thrills are captured in detail. Elaborations and delays in the development of events allow the conversion of meaning. The author attempts various transformation of characters, motifs, narrative technique in order to get rid of stereotypical cliches of father-seeking yadam and advance the narrative genre. Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應) inherites the tradition of father-seeking yadam and becomes a mature yadam-style novel. Kamyeokieong(堪輿奇應) is an excellent novelistic achievement based on father-seeking yadam.
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