청소년의 스마트폰 중독수준이 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향
Effects of Smartphone Addiction Level on Adolescent School Adjustment
The main purpose of the study was to examine smartphone addiction level according to gender and grade and school adjustment(academic achievement, peer relationship, teacher relationship, school life) based on smartphone addiction level, gender, and grade. The subjects were 560(279 male, 281 female) students in 1st grade middle schools and 2nd grade high schools at M city in Jeonnam province. They completed Smartphone Addiction Questionnaire, and School Adjustment Questionnaire. The results were as follows: First, female students' smartphone addiction was higher than male students' and there was no significant difference in smartphone addiction between middle school students and high school students. Second, smartphone addiction had negative effects on school adjustment. Gender had significant effects on peer relationship and school life while grade had significant effects on teacher relationship. Interaction effect between smartphone addiction and gender had significant influence on academic achievement, peer relationship, and school life whereas interaction effect between smartphone addiction and grade had significant influence on peer relationship and school life. Limitations of the current findings as well as the suggestions for future study were also included.
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