“자기-사랑의 죄”: 셰익스피어의 『연인의 탄식』과 낭만적 거짓
“Sin of Self-Love”: Shakespeare's A Lover's Complaint and the Romantic Lie
Shakespeare's A Lover's Complaint is an enigmatic poem that puzzles readers with its archaic diction, obscure syntax, nonce words and dubious morality that deviates from the complaint tradition. One of its enigmas is the youth's seduction strategy, which capitalizes on his past relationship with other women rather than hide it. Also inexplicable is the psychology of the maid, who desires the youth despite her knowledge of his questionable past. Drawing on Rene Girard's theory of mimetic desire, this essay explores the mechanism of desire that underlies the game of seduction in A Lover's Complaint. According to Girard, desire is not spontaneous from the subject or in the object but mediated by the other. In other words, one imitates the other's desire in order to achieve his or her ontological position; mimetic desire is a metaphysical one that ultimately results from the lack in self. Girard's model of triangular desire sheds a fresh light on the relationship of the maid and the youth in A Lover's Complaint, which is always mediated by a third party. The triangles of desire ubiquitous in A Lover's Complaint effectively expose the “Romantic lie” about the autonomy of self.
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