메콩의 에너지 경관 : 메콩 지역 수력 경로의 형성과 변화
The Energyscape of the Mekong: Formation and Transformations of Hydropower paths in the Mekong Region
Mekong River in mainland Southeast Asia is one of the great international riversand for basin development should be based on close cooperation among six basincountries. In the Mekong region, regional development has been pursued in earnestafter economic transition of previous socialist countries in mid-1990. The principalscheme for change was presented as the Greater Mekong Sub-region(GMS) programinitiated by ADB and the program has been aiming to produce “an imagined singlenatural-economic community” covering whole Indochina Peninsula and southwesternparts of China. In this process, The Mekong River has been transformed into thesignifier of integration for mutual prosperity from the frontline of the Cold Warconflict. However, various social conflicts has emerged as development projects proceedsand, especially, hydropower development in the Mekong mainstream and itstributaries is one of the most controversial topics. By focusing on the origin and trajectories of hydro-developmental path, this studyaims to expand the horizons Mekong research in Korea historically andgeographically. Specifically, this study examines national and regional hydropowerdevelopment plans, unplaned implementations, and those outcomes and effects inthe Mekong River Region. Then, I reveal that a starting point for regional integrationin mainland Southeast Asia as a single distinctive unit is the constructingMekong Energyscape based on intensive hydropower developments in a basin-widescale. This study will provide an in-depth understanding on the current conflictover the use and management of the Mekong River by identifying contradictoryinteractions on the hydropower development path in the Mekong region.
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