역사주체의 새로운 발견과 역사인식 ― '과격파'의 표상을 중심으로 ―
Fresh Discovery of the Historical Subject and the Historical Perception - Reviewing the Concept of the Radicals in the 1920s -
In the 1920s, the colonial Korea moved toward a ideological turning point called the Era of Ideological Reconstruction. Despite several restrictions, the socialist ideas were introduced through various media, and the socialist discourse competed with the nationalist one. As the socialist groups came active in legal and illegal spheres, the national liberation movement pursued a new direction. In this process, the forces of the national liberation movement reconceptualized the nation and discovered the fresh concept of the class. Thus, in the early 1920s, the intellectuals and thought circles were drawn into turmoils, and thus, passed through a very confusing phase, which was typical in an era when new ideas were introduced. This essay pursues the process in which the conceptual frame of the class took roots in the historical perception of intellectuals in the transformative ear of the early 1920s. It also visualizes the various intellectual phenomena in the course of the materialist conception of history taking roots. By analyzing the discourse hegemony of the concept of the radicals, which was the direct translation of the Bolsheviks, this essay shows one aspect of the ideological circles. And also by analyzing the attitudes of receiving the concept of the radicals, it explains the socialists' understanding of the world history. To survey the perceptional terrain over the radicals is one way of understanding the trends in ideological circles. The differences in perceiving the concept of the radical came to be the historical origin of the anti-communism, and led to the later differentiation between the socialism and the nationalism, and between the socialism and the anarchism. As time passed, the term radicals changed into Bolsheviks, but the image of the radicals persisted long. As the 5th Congress of the Communist International adopted the policy of Bolshevization and the communist movement of the colonial Korea in 1930s followed the direction, the meaning of the Bolshevization became the key issue of the period again.
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