공군 조종사의 팀 멘탈모델 연구 - 교관조종사와 훈련조종사간 차이를 중심으로 -
A Study for ROK Air Force Pilots' Team Mental Models - Focus on the Difference between Instructor Pilot and Trainee Pilot -
Decision error takes up significant portion specifically in human factors research. Recent naturalistic decision making model is an approach based on expert knowledge and experience, and it is assessed to have made significant progress along with achievements in cognitive psychology. Therefore even in air force pilots' decision making process, there need to be an academic interest in studying the mental models, which is defined as an organized knowledge structure. Considering the fact that military pilots fly as a team involving more than two persons or two aircraft, in-depth research on team mental models is required to explore organized knowledge shared by team members during team decision making. To suggest practical implications for the pilot training of ROK Air Force, we have elicitated contents of team mental models from instructor pilot group and trainee pilot group by using critical decision method, then analyzed the similarity and the accuracy among those groups and flight manual through the content analysis and the semantic network analysis. As a result of the content analysis, we propose the needs to improve in pilot training, having identified number of differences in pilots' main decision factors during flight decision making among instructor pilot group, trainee pilot group, and flight manual. From the result of the semantic network analysis, we emphasize the need to stress the relationship among core concept during pilot training because there are differences in centralization and density indices between trainee pilot group and instructor pilot group when having the latter as a reference. Also, this study shows that although the trainee pilot group's similarity between the flight manual is higher than that of instructor pilot group, standard deviation in terms of similarity of trainee pilot group is larger than that of instructor pilot group, which tilts our attention to these differences.
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