사회적 자본의 관점에서 본 조손가족 조부모의 양육문제 해결방안
A Literature Research on the Solutions to the Nurturing Problem of Grandparents in Grandparents-grandchildren Families through the Perspective of Social Capital
The purpose of this study is to examine the solutions to the nurturing problem of grandparents in grandparents-grandchildren families through the perspective of social capital, using literature analysis. This study operated the descriptive analysis and contents analysis according to the research themes and methods. The results of this study showed that the nurturing problem of grandparents in grandparents-grandchildren families had been actively discussed since 2003, and there were a lot of research on the nurturing experience. Quantitative research methodology was mainly used in the beginning, but the usage of qualitative research methodology has been increased rapidly since 2006. Mixed research was used a lot in the literature suggesting policies. In addition, there was a communication problem between grandparents and grandchildren resulting from a generation gap, and the relationship between grandparents and grandchildren was the dominant cause of the nurturing stress of grandparents. In particular, the nurturing stress of grandparents as daily stress negatively affected grandchildren's adaptation to school as well as grandparents' physical and psychological health. Therefore, in order to solve the nurturing problem of grandparents, it is necessary to improve the quality of interaction between grandparents and grandchildren by diversifying the contents and forms of communication. In the end, this study suggests the methods that grandparents are able to use in order to solve the nurturing problem, by showing the reality of social networking including parents meeting or self-help group.
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