최남선의 『산수격몽요결』 검토 - 입지(立志)가 아닌 입지전(立志傳)을 위한 공부 -
A Study about Choi Namson's Sansugyokmongyogyol: The Gongbu for Ipjijeon not Ipji
In 1909, Choi Namson (1890~1957) dreaming of a 'new' world published an educational book Sansugyeokmongyogyeol by Sinmungwan. Sansugyeokmongyogyeol appeared in a transitional situation in which the reorganization was to break the traditional curriculum of Western modernity, and showed the changed phase and specificity of traditional education. Choi Namson criticized the situation with an emphasis on contemporary material civilization, and noted the moral education of the traditional Confucianism as an alternative to solve the current situation. To this end, he was calling Yulgok's gyeokmongyogyeol, and calculating it. However, the purposes and methods of the calculation were similar to the Japanese intellectual and educational flow of the time, rather than his inventive plan. Moreover, the contents of the calculation were a western modern capitalist spirit and Dokripjajon (Indepedence and Self-respect), not the 'Learning to Become a Sage(聖學)'. Especially he emphasized Ipji based on the significance of gyeokmongyogyeol among young people. Yulgok's 'Ipji' is a result of the lifetime study of seeking a decent life leading to beautiful life. However, Choi Namson advocated new moral premise of Western capitalist modernity and emphasized a secular success as a decent life which Yulgok criticized. It is obvious that Sansugyeokmongyogyeol was applied and modified based on the traditional Confucianism for the changed situation era, but a critical reflection would be needed because it was distorted by 'Ipjijeon' not 'Ipji'.
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