망명의 기록, 난민의 시간: 한국전쟁기 중립국행 포로 주영복의 수기를 중심으로
History of Exile, Time of Refugee: Focused on Self-Narrative of Joo, Young-Bok Captive for Neutral Nation during Period of Korean War
This study aims to examine existing way of captive for a neutral nation and technology of self-description as a any special existence who had slipped to outside of boundaries of nation state by newly being made by Korean war. In particular, this study pays attention to the self-narrative of Joo, Young-Bok out of the captives for neutral nation. His texts of “Chosun War I suffered(1991)” and “76 captives(1993)” are figuring out the trace such as process of becoming 'abandoned person(棄民)' from his nation and worldwide 'displaced person' in system of North and South Korea and the ultimate reason of selection of 'statelessness' by describing situations before and after the selection of a neutral nation. When Korea war ended, the occurrence of the captives selecting neutral nation rather than return and repatriation to his nation or a warring nation with his own nation was birth of a hazy and uncertain existence which are neither enemy nor comrade, and legal and official birth of the fluid existence slipping from physical boundaries of national people/nation state and flowing into elsewhere. In particular, this text aims to pay attention to any time-space between 'repatriation' and 'settlements' which were overlooked by studying complexity of lives of captives for a neutral nation focusing on two categories of 'repatriation' and 'settlements'. The space-time is period of two years they spent in India and Madras until they duly settle in India, Brazil and Argentina after leaving peninsula. The their 'statelessness' in India and unaffiliated state to be anywhere simply would not be described as a absence of political neutral nation and further, it was intertwined state of national powers among various countries which claimed to be neutral nations rather than weightlessness of power. This space-time is experienced as time of 'no nation' and time of 'internationally abandoned person' which are positioned between 'betrayers' and 'abandoned person' that are the most extreme states. This text is intended to note that how opaque and vague times between 'departure' and 'settlement' have an impact on their nation, self-awareness and relationship settings with ruling power. In India, captives for neutral nation become heterogeneous and contradictory existences such as 'captives' and 'civilians', 'detainees' and 'free people', and 'non-national people' and 'national peoples' in the ruling power system of Indian-UN-South Korea government. However, this contradictory status was also paradoxically enabling a gap between State run and personal state which had firmly shown to be captured. For example, Joo, Young-Bok found that he is not an 'anticommunist prisoner of war' through the experience of that time and ensured his will to reject compulsion of 'homogeneity' and pursue 'coexistence with inhomogeneity'. 'our' riddance occurred in the way of life as abandoned person from a captive and as a spontaneous stateless person was also a critical point of existing way and self-description that self-narrative by the captive for neutral nation, who left for a third country after refusing both South Korea and North Korea toward neutral nation, can generate.
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