통신자료와 통신사실 확인자료의 입수 및 통지제도에 관한 비교법적 연구
Review on the Comparative Law about Communication Data & Communication Confirmation Data
Foreign countries specifically specify the requirements and procedures for requesting communications data in the criminal procedure law for crimes committed for national security. And emphasizes the role of law enforcement agencies in resolving emergencies without court judgment and clearance. In the case of Germany, France, and Japan, the provision of telecommunication data in the telecommunication business law is regarded as discretion of telecommunication companies as in Korea. In the case of the U.S.A, exceptionally, crimes that threaten national security, such as terrorism, can be verified as administrative orders. The UK is mandated by each government agency to enact itself by statute. In the case of Germany, telecommunication business law allows telecommunication companies to arbitrarily provide communication data. However, the provision of communication data is only a matter of cooperation, not obligation, and should be subject to a warrant under the Criminal Procedure Act if the telecommunications company refuses to do so. However, in the case of Japan, where basic communication data such as personal information and address of users who are not related to communication are provided by the Act on Inquiry Regulations under the Criminal Procedure Act, similar systems similar to the current Korea are operated law.
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