Akutagawa Ry?nosuke's Ho On Ki is “Kirisitan Mono” that the author published on April first in 1922, after he visited China as an overseas correspondent from March to June in 1921. Even if it ostensibly handles the theme of requiting favors under the feudal system, it also deals with the “unselfish love,“ one of the Akutagawa's main themes. H? On Ki has been usually read as gratitude or vengeance, but this paper analyzes this work from the perspective of “God's will.“ The big thief Jinnai gives an enormous sum of money to Yasauemon, a Japanese captain of a ship, when he goes bankrupt in return for his kindness that he saved Jinnai's life before. After seeing this, Yasauemon's son, Yasaburo, died in Jinnai's place to repay the grace, saying that he is Jinnai, and the name of Jinnai no longer exists in the world. Therefore, Jinnai not only needs to live with a new name, but also possibly becomes a Christian to return thanks for favors received. In addition, Yasauemon can attain salvation because he recognizes his sin and repents when he sees his son's neck hanging on the bridge named Modoribashi. In the Yasaburo's case, he once killed people and addicted himself to gambling even as a Christian and with his baptismal name, Paul, but becomes redeemed by praying to Maria in order to repent before the execution. In this way, Akutagawa, in H? On Ki depicts the “God's will” on all the three main characters, who visit a priest and repent, through the agape that one man dies for others.
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