Most of the Buddhist culture in Korea was formed through the reconstruction after the 17th century. This reconstruction was carried out in collaboration with monks and local believers. It was followed by changes in the position of monks, in recognizing them through national activities of war with Japan. On the other hand, as the personal assets of the monks were acknowledged, the financial base with which to repair temples expanded. The first characteristic of the temple structure formed in the 17th and 18th centuries is the orthodontic structure of four-building construction, which comprises a main building, pavilion, and two dwellings surrounding a central yard. For ceremonies in which a large number of believers gathered in the yard, a large Buddhist painting, Gwaebul, was designed. The second characteristic is that the inner space of Buddhism was made up of various beliefs and ordinances in the main Buddhist ceremony. The position of the Buddha statue was designed to look at the most stable statue of the believer. Third, the auxiliary relief was expanded to accept various beliefs. Samsunggak and Nahanjeon reflected the unique Buddhist faith of Korea. Fourth, the accommodation building, yosachae, for monks and believers increased in size. It was extended to the ㄱ type, ㄷ type, and ㅁ type. The distinctive formations can be seen in the form and composition of the Buddhist image and show the unique aspect of Buddhist culture in Korea. The Buddhist culture in the late Joseon Dynasty, which was formed in the 17th and 18th centuries, has been handed down to today's Korean Buddhist culture. The characteristics manifested the unique identity of Korea, along with the common features developed in East Asia.
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