시스템 사고 기반 STEAM형 ESD 프로그램이 초등학생의 환경소양 및 시스템 사고 능력에 미치는 영향
The Effect of a System Thinking-based STEAM-type ESD Program on Environmental Literacy and System Thinking Ability of Elementary Students
The purpose of this study is to develop a STEAM-type program based on system thinking for Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) and then examine its effects on elementary students' environmental literacy and system thinking ability. For the purpose, the study developed an educational program on water shortage and water cycle, and applied the program to 46 sixth-graders in an elementary school for nine periods. As a result, after applying the program, their knowledge, emotion, function, and behavior, which are subordinate scopes of environmental literacy, showed significant improvements. Furthermore, in reference to their system thinking, four items of System Thinking, Mental Model, Personal Skill, and Shared Vision except Team Learning had statistically significant improvement. And in the details such as drawing casual maps and pictures, their ability improved in the ninth activity compared to the second period. Accordingly, it can be seen that a convergent gifted education program based on system thinking for ESD is effective in improving students' ability regarding environmental literacy and system thinking. If the developed program is adequately applied to schools, future talents with STEAM Literacy for sustainable development would be able to be cultivated.
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원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
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