경남지방 묘역시설분묘의 현황과 특징
Status and Characteristics of Gyeongnam Province Ruling Class Grave
Research on Ruling class grave that first appeared in Goryeo and then became passed down and developed up to Chosun reports that they were handed down without much change from the former from Goryeo to Chosun despite the exchange of dynasties. Besides, research has been hardly conducted on the characteristics of Ruling class grave which began to be constructed in local area during the era of confusion, late Goryeo and early Chosun. Regarding this, research has estimated that Hyangri is the main person buried in Ruling class grave built in local area only with materials obtained through investigation and excavation but failed to present any clear grounds for it. In particular, considering the fact that differently from Goryeo, Chosun was a state that put up Confucianism as its ruling ideology, we can assume that tomb repair should have been reorganized then according to the ideas of Confucianism. Examining advanced research on tombs in Chosun, however, we can see most of it deals with the theory of divination based on topography or stone objects arranged in tombs, and still, this focuses on Seoul?Gyeonggi area too much. In fact, there is little research on how tomb repair came to be transformed after the foundation of Chosun, that is, in late Goryeo and early Chosun according to the ideas of Confucianism. To solve this question, this author has examined the current status and characteristics of Ruling class grave designated and managed as cultural heritages in Gyeongnam and looked into them comparatively with materials obtained through investigation and excavation. As a result, this researcher has learned that the buried in Ruling class grave found in Gyeongnam are Hyangri and their ancestors were from influential family equipped with authority in local area at least from late Goryeo. Furthermore, with their control over the area and economic superiority, they formed their own group graveyard, that is, family graveyard, in the district differently from that located in the center. Moreover, tracing how Ruling class grave changed in terms of their shape and how they buried people together from late Goryeo and early Chosun up to the 16th century, this author has learned that those constructing them were grounded on Sung Confucianism politically and reorganized the method of tomb repair correspondingly to the ideology.
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