한국군 군대윤리에 적합한 도덕이론에 관한 연구 -덕윤리를 중심으로-
A Study on the Moral Theory Suitable for the Military Ethics of Korean Army Focused on Virtue Ethics
The purpose of this study is to find out that the virtue ethics is an appropriate moral theory for being a foundation of military ethics of Korean army. To this end, I will examine the problems of utilitarianism and deontology as military ethics and find out why the virtue ethics is more suitable. First of all, I will show that because utilitarianism or deontology are law-centric theories, we cannot help deciding base on certain laws or principles and therefore we could make biased decisions in these certain laws or principle. And I will show that due to these features it is hard to make a flexible thinking which enables us to make exceptional decisions by comprehending distinct characteristics or contexts of situations, and they also make it more difficult to find a Harmonious Balance between them through contemplating on benefits of people related with the situations. On the other hand, from the perspective of virtue ethics, it is possible to make flexible thinking based on the special characteristics or circumstances of each situation. And it is also possible to consider the benefit of each party related to some situations. For these reasons, it would be more suitable than other theories for the base of military ethics of Korean army.
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