한류가 한국식품에 대한 중국소비자의 구매결정요인, 구매의도와 충성도에 미치는 영향
The Effect of Chinese Consumers'Purchase Decision Making Factors for Korean Food on Purchase Intention and Loyalty
As Chinese consumers' requirements for food purchase have became pickier due to the increase in their incomes thanks to the fast economic growth of China, import of overseas food has been increasing. The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of the Korean Wave in Chinese food markets on Chinese consumers' purchase decision making factors, purchase intention, and loyalty in order to provide implications to Korean food enterprises that plan to advance into China. To verify the effects of the Korean Wave on Chinese consumers' purchase decision making factors, purchase intention, and loyalty, 12 hypotheses were established and 284 effective questionnaire sheets were collected from consumers, who were buying Korean food at retail outlets in Qingdao, China, and statistical analyses of the questionnaire sheets were conducted using SPSS and AMOS. According to the results of the analyses, the Korean Wave has positive(+) effects on consumers' purchase decision making factors consisting of consumption value, corporate images, national images, and product images. In addition, among the purchase decision making factors, whereas consumption value, national images, and product images had positive(+) effects on purchase intention, corporate images did not have any significant effect on purchase intention. Furthermore, whereas consumption value, national images, and product images out of the purchase decision making factors had positive(+) effects on loyalty, corporate images did not have any significant effect on purchase intention. In conclusion, this study derived the implication that since Chinese consumers are affected by the Korean Wave in their purchase of Korean food, Korean food enterprises that have advanced into China should maximally utilize Korean Wave marketing. In addition, this study verified the fact that in deriving the purchase intention and loyalty, rather than corporate images, consumption value, national images, and product images play important roles. Therefore, for Korean food enterprises to enlarge their Chinese market, product assortments that would maximize Chinese consumers' value of Korean food, the enhancement of national images, and the recognition that Korean foods are good products are necessary.
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