국경을 넘는 서사와 장소의 정치학 ― 『리나』와 『바리데기』를 중심으로 ―
The Transboundary Politics of a Narrative and Place in Lina and Baridegi
Lina and Baridegi cover a migrant woman's story who has escaped from the extreme poverty and violent oppressions of the ruling power by the time when the North Korea had a life-threatening famine known as the Arduous March by crossing boarders to find a better life in a new place. In the story, the sequence and arrangement of each incident is not presented in a chronological order. Rather, each story is equally organized in juxtaposition with another story as the main character recognizes and identifies the spatiality in a new place. Based on this understanding, this thesis is aimed at revealing how the identity of the characters changes according to their experiences of places and what the ultimate sense of place realized in the novel is by analyzing how the mobility of spaces and places is reproduced in terms of story and discourse. On their transboundary journey, Lina and Bari have experienced sex trafficking, were exposed to the danger of violence and rapes, and worked in the sex industry and service business. In Baridegi, Bari who settled in London came to live in a terraced house with other multiethnic people, segregated from the residential areas where Caucasians live. It shows how genders and races along with capital intensively work together in one's decision-making process that affects their choices of places and experiences. While Lina, through the transboundary place experiences, realizes a sense of place composed by the globalized flow of patriarchal capitalism, it also forms a new spatiality rebelling against the globalized flow of patriarchal capitalism by presenting a place of imagination where one's suppressed desires are spurted through a festival and a stage. Meanwhile, in Baridegi, having a hope and compassion toward the world and others is described as being open, not limited by a sense of place. It is an action of realizing a global place where the social relations and the network of understanding through which people help each other and collaborate are connected. In summary, through the space experiences of the transboundary women, Lina and Baridegi raise questions about the places that are produced by the global flows of neoliberalism time-space compression and geographical inequality, and seek an alternative place.
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