朝鮮前期 幼學의 大科 급제에 대한 검토
The Review on Passing the Civil Service Examination of Yuhak(幼學) in Early Joseon Period
For the Civil Service Examination in Joseon period, it has been explained that a person who passed the Seangwon examination(生員試)?Jinsa examination(進士試) applied to literary examination(文科) after the study in Seongkyunkwan(成均館) for a certain period. But if we examine the Munkwabangmok(文科榜目), which is the list of the people who passed the literary examination(文科), we could discover the people who passed the literary examination as a confucian without passing through the Seangwon examination(生員試) or Jinsa examination(進士試) from the beginning of Joseon to the end of Joseon. The ratio of them among all was 10~20%, but it was increased to over 70% at the end of the dynasty. But in the current academia, no clear explanation about the system, in which this phenomenon was possible, was given so far. So first of all, I investigated the institutional back ground that the confucian scholars, who did not pass Sokwa examination(小科), could apply to the literary examination(文科) and pass it in the early Joseon period. As the result of it, I figured out that, in the law, Seangwon(生員) and Jinsa(進士) could apply to the literary examination(文科) after the certain period of study in Seongkyunkwan(成均館), but in actual management of the examination system, they set only the certain period of study in Seongkyunkwan(成均館) as the standard. It means that even if a confucian scholar who was not a Seangwon(生員) or Jinsa(進士), if he satisfied the studying period condition in Seongkyunkwan(成均館) in any form, he was able to apply to the literary examination(文科). Along with this, the application to the literary examination(文科) became possible through providing the evidence of attending not only the Seongkyunkwan(成均館) but also the Sahak(四學) or Dowhoe(都會) at 16th century. Due to this, bigger ratio of Yuhak(幼學) than the earlier period passed the literary examination in 16th century.
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