국어교육 문법과 한국어교육 문법 용어의 변별성 고찰
A Study of the Differentiation of Terminology in Korean Pedagogical Grammar for Native Learners and for Foreign Learners
This paper offers a detailed examination of how the terminology in Korean school grammar is differentiated from the terminology in Korean pedagogical grammar. Two types of differentiation of school grammar and Korean pedagogical grammar are observed: differences in the learners, goals, content, and methods of grammar education, and the unity or diversity of grammar. Whereas school grammar is unified and standardized under the lead of the government, Korean pedagogical grammar is customized to each objective and type of learner under the lead of the private sector. As a result, Korean pedagogical grammar consists of four subtypes that can be defined by the people being instructed (teachers or learners) and the goals of that instruction (a systematic understanding of grammar as a whole or an understanding of the usage of specific grammar points). Examining how school grammar and Korean pedagogical grammar terminology is differentiated in terms of lists and concepts results in the following findings. First, much more terminology appears in school grammar than in Korean pedagogical grammar, and most terminology in school grammar is designed to illustrate grammatical categories, subcategories, and categorical concepts. In Korean pedagogical grammar, on the other hand, terminology serves to describe the usage of grammar points. Second, terminology that only appears in Korean pedagogical grammar descriptions pertains to information about types of utterances and the situations in which they are used. The importance of such terms is not emphasized in school grammar, but they are very important to Korean pedagogical grammar. Finally, there are terms that appear in both school grammar and Korean pedagogical grammar while exhibiting differences in the concepts being expressed. Some examples of these terms are “noun,” “adverb,” “expression,” and “grammar.” The aforementioned differences between school grammar and Korean pedagogical grammar and between their respective terminologies derive from fundamental differences between these two types of education. We should respect this differentiation by seeking a unique grammar and system of grammatical terminology for Korean language education.
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