6·25전쟁기 외국군 간호장교 참전활동 고찰 - 미국 및 영연방 국가를 중심으로 -
Foreign Nursing Officers' Participation in the Korean War
During the Korean war, the US Army nursing officers mainly served in Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals, moving along with the front lines. Additionally, they worked in war prisoners' camp, temporary shelters, and hospital trains. The US Navy nurses took care of the wounded aboard three hospital ships in the Korean waters. The US Air Force nurses were in charge of medical evacuation of patients, transferred from battle fields to Japan, Hawaii or the CONUS. On the other hand, the majority of the nursing officers of the British Commonwealth provided nursing care to injured soldiers in fixed military medical facilities such as the British Commonwealth Communications Zone Medical Unit in Seoul, Korea and the British Commonwealth General Hospital in Kure, Japan. The Canadian nursing officers' duty posts also included the 25th Field Dressing Station installed by the Royal Canadian Army. The foreign nursing officers suffered from lack of resources and poor work conditions. However, such austerity gave them opportunities to expand their roles and autonomy in patient care. With the shortage of physicians, nursing officers were authorized to initiate or order blood transfusion, penicillin therapy, suture, blood vessel ligation, and dialysis. In case of air evacuation, nursing officers served as the only medical and technical decision maker aboard who could order altitude alternation or emergency landing, based on the patients' conditions. The major diseases that foreign nursing officers observed were frostbite, burn, hemorrhagic fever, STD, malaria, and trench foot adding to trauma during the war besides trauma and PTSD.
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