Jacobi in his work, Von den goettlichen Dingen und ihrer Offenbarung (1811) criticized Schelling's Philosophy overall. This article considers Schelling's refutation of it mainly made in his Denkmal der Schrift von den gottlichen Dingen etc. (1812). First of all, Jacobi, in Schelling's view, knows no other than science with demonstrative method. However, such a scientific theism which ranges over the development process from the necessary ground before God's living existence to this existence, is possible. Then, Jacobi misunderstands Schelling's Nature as the mechanic which can never reveal divine nature. To this responds Schelling with emphasis on the meaning of his own concept of nature as the absolute identity in general, so far as it is considered not as existent, but not yet existent, therefore its own ground of being. In other words, it is the nature as ground of being which God as the existent absolute identity has in Himself. Thereby, Schelling deems his philosophy of nature can be concurrently theistic. Lastly, Schelling criticizes that Jacobi's reason assuming the unconditioned only by feeling without sake boils down to the exclusive theism, against which he sets his own true theism reconcilable with the real atheism. But this critique of Schelling may be as ever a bone of contention for Jacobi who pays attention to God as the cause of free personal action.
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