Since the studies of pioneering scholars, subsequent studies have skipped over critics of Im Hwa prior to joining KAPF. On the other hand, studies on his poetry were included in the coverage before then. The main reason was that it was important to identify the position in literary history that he had achieved, as a theorist of proletarian literature. However, the groping search for literary that he performed as a litterateur has nothing to do with his next theoretical path. In addition, this search would reveal in part what was the internal motives for other literary people of Joseon to choose proletarian literature. In this study, I reviewed his four texts at this time under this judgment. This has helped to alleviate some of the prejudices of pioneering researches. Im Hwa thought that the new popular art should start from the inside of the individual. He forecasted the possibility of such popular literature in the third period of periodical literature, It was because he thought that the floating literature could regain the national greatness which the fixed literature had lost. On the one hand he referred to the avant-garde arts as well as the magazines that presented new directions in the literary world as 'New-tendency'. In his introduction to vorticism, he distinguished between vertical art and horizontal art, adding value judgment. His explanation of the fact that the latter trait, which was born on a barren land, appeared as a conquest of other peoples, contained his reality recognition. And he wanted to correct the meaning of momentalism, it was for this reason that he thought it was a artistic way of living an eternity as a moment. After these literary searches he joined KAPF.
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