言語的文脈が多?な日本語?習者間の ?音の?音に?するピア評?の意義 - 日本語母語話者による評?との比較をとおして -
Value of Peer Review for Pronunciation of Single Sound among Japanese Learners with Different Native Languages : Through Comparison with Review by Native Japanese Speakers
The purpose of this study is to examine the value of peer review by comparing peer review of single sound pronunciation among beginners of Japanese language learner with review by Japanese native speakers. The survey method is (1) Each learner pronounces 104 single sounds and the author records it, (2) The recorded assignment is reviewed by other learners, 1 native Japanese language teacher, and 3 native Japanese speakers, and (3) The reviewers provide their feedback based on their ability. As a result of analysis and consideration, it is clarified that the learners were able to find the same incongruous words as the ones the teacher had found. Reviews from learners were vary depending on each learner's language proficiency level. In other words, it was possible for the learners to point out the single sounds that the teacher would point out, and it was shown that the learners might be able to comment on each other in various expressions. In addition, we observed that Japanese native speakers' reviews varied, which confirms that several pronunciations are possible for a same word. This challenges the idea of one rigid way of pronouncing. It was observed that learners with favorably reviewed pronunciations, especially learners from Sri Lanka and Nepal who have used multiple languages on a daily basis tended to be more critical towards other learners' pronunciations. In contrast, learners whose pronunciation was unfavorably reviewed tended to be more accepting of others' pronunciation, similarly to the teacher. To summarize, the peer review process can be a valuable learning experience because (1) learners are competent to identify incongruous pronunciations concurring with the teacher, and (2) the peer review can be a great opportunity to take advantage of learners various language backgrounds. From the above, it can be said that pronunciation peer review is valuable in a new language learning.
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