크로스 해프닝: 규칙과 환경이 교차하는 지점에서 일어나는 조직화된 우연 - 1960년대 해프닝과 드론 이벤트를 중심으로
Cross-Happening: Organized Coincidence that Takes Place at the Intersection of Rules and Environment - Focusing on the Happening in 1960s and Drones Events
This paper examines the reality of a happening. It is often overlooked that a happening is a type of art which aims to minimize the risks involved in chance and indeterminacy, with attention focused on the aspect of avant-garde art, or of the production of an accidental situation or the induction of immediate acts. However, it is confirmed that a happening in art was intended to organize the opportunities that could arise from unpredictable events that could occur between rules and objects, that is, from encounters with the intrinsic rules of actor and the external environment through avant-garde artists in the 1960s. In particular, the score explains a happening as a chance and improvisation, strictly speaking, a 'planned coincidence' and an 'intended improvisation' that can only occur if certain rules are given, while they show the diversity of behaviors stemming from the directing and movement not highlighted at the time of the event. This paper confirms similar intersections and encounters in new media art by comparing cases of the use of drones as an unmanned airplane and presents discursive conclusions pertaining to the 'organized coincidence that takes place at the intersection of rules and the environment.'
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