남방 및 북방삼각관계의 구조화 진행과 한반도 안보 전략
Structured Progress of the South-North Triangle Relationship and Strategy towards Security on the Korean Peninsula
As the sub-structures of the Northeast Asian security complex, both the south triangle relations of South Korea-U.S-Japan and the north triangle relationship of North Korea-China-Russia have been structured and formed confrontation, negatively affecting the security of the Korean Peninsula. Regional concept is connecting the system and a state, which is useful for understanding the three levels of analysis of system, region and a state in an integrated approach. The Northeast Asian security complex was formed by the power distribution status and friendship-hostile, reflecting the anarchism characteristic of the system, and creating an interdependent security relationship by geographical proximity. The two triangles are stuck by the two main forces of the communist and liberal systems, the geopolitical forces recognizing hostile-friendliness experiences and threats, the hegemonic forces seeking to strengthen and project influence, and, the current forces promoting the uniting of bloc countries. In this sense, in order to build up the 5 phases, this researcher focus on the October revolution of the Soviet Union, the end of the World War II, the start of the post-Cold War, and, the phase of the U.S.-China conflict. In fact, the structuralization of the two triangles is not favorable to the security of the Korean Peninsula. Under the circumstances of the uncertain future of infinite competition and the 4th industrial revolution, a phenomenon at the level of the system, is projected to the Korean Peninsula. Furthermore, the structuralization of 2 triangles repeatedly created a confrontation, which resulted in distrust between the opposing bloc, worsening normal relationship or forcing a state to choose between them. In conclusion, to enforce the Korean security under the situation of structuralization, the government should apply both the international and national security strategy with the grand strategic recognition, and, seek to promote communication and cooperation by using various communication channels to resolve the structural problems and weaken the structuring power. Especially, since the Korea-U.S. alliance is the foundation of a grand strategy, it is very important as an essential device to control the speed of the abrupt situation, and the process of resolving the situation.
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