김현 문학비평 연구
(A) study on Kim Hyun's literary criticism
김현 문학비평 literary criticism;
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This paper has been written to find out what has formed Kim Hyun's critical consciousness and how it has demonstrated in his discourse. Based on the study on the criticism of Kim Hyun, a bread-and-butter aesthetic theory, an aesthetic liberal theory, a literal theory which is used to deny the reality, a symbolical imaginative theory and an aesthetic modernity theory can be said as his critical aesthetics features. These features are obtained from acceptance of a Denial Philosophy of the Frankfurt School and Gaston Bachelard. The critical consciousness of Kim Hyun Was, however, formed by an enlightening rationalism which was considered as a negative thing by the Frankfurt School and Bachelard. and now, Kim Hyun's critical consciousness combined with the denial consciousness is demonstrated as his own view of literature. Kim Hyun's critical consciousness is indicated as the principle of identification based on closed self-absorption similar to Narcissism. His principle of identification is based on the philosophical of Descartes. The issue on the philosophical speculation is back to Kim Hyun's existential life problem. Namely, Kim Hyun found his existential life at the French Revolution, which is shown as his attempt to find 'freedom' obtained at the historical experience through 4·19 revolution at Korean literature. When his 'freedom' is classified as one of the literary theories, the literature which denies the reality is changed into the thing which emphasis on finding and completion of individualism in Korean literature. When the 'freedom' get applied to critical others, it is shown as an emphasis of Kim Hyun's individuality and confirmation of his existential life. Therefore, his criticism returns to make the individuality come true as an free will. However, we need to consider that formation of his critical consciousness and application of literary theory to Korean literature has such an important meaning. And this paper will be stated considering such a critical mind.