지방교육자치제의 기본 원리에 관한 교육구성원의 인식 연구
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The purpose of this study is to determine differences in the perception of the basic principles of local autonomous education system among educational interests including educational administrators, teachers and parents in accordance with their educational backgrounds and experiences. For the purpose, this researcher proposed the following questions. a. What perceptions do educational interests have about basic principles of local autonomous education system ? b. What differences in the perception of the basic principles of local autonomous education system exist among educational interests ? c. What differences in the perception of each of the basic principles of local autonomous education system among educational interests ? To obtain responses to these questions, this researcher conducted a questionnaire survey of totaled 440 people consisting of educational administrators and teachers serving at middle and high schools and parents. Out of copies of the questionnaire as distributed, 398 were finally collected and analyzed. Data from the survey were processed through F-test with 5% in significance level under SPSS Statistical Program. Basic principles of local autonomous education system as discussed here include decentralization, citizen participation, independence of educational administration, specialized management and financial independence. Results of the study can be described as follows ; First, educational administrators belonging to educational interests were most positive about decentralization, one of the basic principles of local autonomous education system, followed by parents. The respondents thought that the Ministry of Education should provide many of the rights of educational operation and management to concerned authorities under regional provinces. Second, in regard to the principle of citizen participation, educational interests who were parents, middle or high school graduates and not longer than 10 years in educational experience showed a strong will to involvement in issues related to education. This indicates that those interests desire the avoidance of control by the central government, strengthening of the rights of educational subjects and various developments of local autonomous system. Third, in regard to the principle of the independence of educational administration, educational interests as surveyed here said that regional educational committees were dependent on local assemblies. This suggests the necessity of transferring many of the rights and powers related to education from the central government to local autonomous education bodies, contributing to the establishment and implementation of educational policies complying with regional situations. Fourth, educational interests who were educational administrators and longer than 30 years in educational experience were most positive about specialized management as one of the basic principles of local autonomous education system. They thought that educational superintendents, educational committee members and the educational leadership need to be more strictly qualified. Fifth, the respondents suggested that the responsibilities and range of educational payment should be established in the form of laws in order that local autonomous education bodies could be financed and financially independent. In conclusion, local autonomous education system, now strongly requested, could be developed when it is operated under sufficient considerations in regard to educational autonomy and specialization and characteristics of local education.