초등학생의 사회적 자기 및 자기의식과의 관계
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The purpose of this study was to identify the factor structure of elementary school children's social selves and the differences of sex, grades, region and academic achievement levels and identify the correlation between the factor structure and self consciousness. For these purposes, 544 children were extracted from Changwon city and Changnyeong county, Gyeongsangnam-do. The social self scale contains 44 likert type items. The social self scale and self-consciousness scale were administered to the subjects. Subjects responses were analyzed by SPSSWIN. Factor analysis was applied to extract factors of elementary children's social selves. Also, T-test and ANOVA were conducted to analysis the data. The finding were as follows: First, the social selves that elementary school students expect from their friends nowadays are summarized into five factors. Factor I is 'one who is honest, sincere and smart'. Factor II is 'one who is talented and substantial', factor III is 'one who is popular'. Factor IV is 'one who is bright and cheerful'. Factor V is 'one who is brave and strong.' Second, the social selves that elementary school students expect from their friends in a relatively high degree were 'one who is honest, sincere and smart', 'one who is talented and substantial' and 'one who is bright and cheerful'. Their expectation of 'one who is popular' and 'one who is brave and strong' was relatively low. Third, children of lower school years wanted to be seen as capable, while children of higher school years preferred to be seen as bright, cheerful, and good in personal relationship. Fourth, as for difference in the factor structure according to gender, female children desired to be seen as more positive than male children did. However, male students wanted to be seen as more physically and mentally active than female students did. Fifth, students in rural areas tended to be more to be valiant and lively than those in urban areas. Sixth, students who thought that they were good at their studies tended to want to be seen as positive, while those who were poor at their studies tended to be less interested in others' view about them. Seventh, a significant static correlation was found between self- consciousness and social selves.