W.A.Mozart의 Motette "Exsultate, jubilate"
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Mozart who is the represented composer of the classical school left many works, symphonies, chamber music, concertos, vocal music, and etc. In spite of a short life for thirty-five years. I analyzed the vocal music piece "Exsultate, jubilate" that had many effects on Motette of his many works. This piece is consisted of three chapters, composed of fast-slow-fast, and made of simple and cheerful systems. The first chapter has Recitative, and so it is tried to connect with the second chapter. This piece is affected by Italy drama music. The tempo is Allegro. The time is four fourths time. The form is Sonatine which is composed of exposition, recapitulation and coda. The tempo of the second chapter is Larghetto. The time is three fourths. The form is sonata which is consist of exposition, , recapitulation. But the sonata omits its development. There is a distinctive mark in this part which has introduced vocal parts to instrumental modes. This mode is shown to us a creative and epoch making change. That is quite different from in those day's standardized mode. These qualities have many effect on many vocal music arts, such as Beethoven's love songs. Alleluja which is a unity libretto is repeated in the third chapter. It has many light florid melodies. The tempo is Allegro, and the time is two forth. The form is Rondo. The harmony is consisted of a fundamental chord. The special features of classical music which have melodious and cheerful rhythms and a exact full stop is well represented in "Exsultate, jubilate" of this chapter. Eventually, this is a vocal solo, Motette, which is established in Baroque and Concerto "Motette" whose concertos' mode is used.