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경남지역 생산직 남자 근로자들의 근로형태 및 운동참여 수준별 요통 유병률 조사 원문보기

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    경남지역 생산직 남자 근로자의 근로형태 및 운동참여수준별 요통 유병률 조사를 위하여 창원, 마산, 김해, 통영 등 9개 지역과 19개소의 제조업체 생산직 남자 근로자 533명 중 요통이 있는 254명을 대상으로 하였다. 검사지는 일반사항 및 근로형태 5문항과 운동에 관한 사항 5문항, 요통에 관한 사항 12문항으로 총 22문항으로 구성하여 조사하였으며 수집된 자료는 SAS PC/Program을 이용하여 빈도와 비율을 산출하고 카이스퀘어(Chi-Square)검증을 실시한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 근로형태별 요통 유병률 1) 근무형태별 요통 유병률은 3교대에서 가장 높게 나타났고, 근무기간별로는 11-20년에서 가장 높게 나타났으며 유의한 차이가 있었다. 작업자세별로는 앉은 자세에서 가장 높게 나타났으나 유의한 차이가 없었다. 작업형태별로는 중량물 취급유에서 높게 나타났으며 유의한 차이가 있었다. 2) 근로형태별 허리통증부위는 양쪽이 가장 높게 나타났다. 3) 근로형태별 허리통증 지속시간 및 기간은 1-24시간이 가장 높게 나타났다. 4) 근로형태별 허리통증정도는 약한 통증에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 5) 근로형태별 지난 1주일 동안의 요통 증상유무로는 증상무가 더 높았다. 6) 근로형태별 요통 치유방법은 병원 혹은 한의원치료와 요통체조 및 운동이 비교적 높았다. 7) 근로형태별 작업과 무관하여 허리를 다친 적이 없다고 한 경우가 더 높았다. 8) 근로형태별 요통경험장소는 작업현장에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 9) 근로형태별 요통으로 결근을 한 적이 없는 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 10) 근로형태별 허리수술경험이 없는 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 11) 근로형태별 요통으로 인한 공상 및 산재치료를 받은 적이 없는 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 12) 근로형태별 요통의 원인으로 현재의 직장일에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 2. 운동참여수준별 요통 유병률 1) 운동빈도별 요통 유병률은 주5회 이상에서 가장 높게 나타났고, 운동종목별로는 사이클링에서 가장 높게 나타났으나 유의한 차이가 없었다. 운동실시기간별로는 6개월 이상에서 가장 높게 나타났고, 운동시간별로는 30분-1시간에서 가장 높게 나타났으나 유의한 차이가 없었다. 운동강도별로는 강한 강도에서 요통이 가장 높게 나타났으나 유의한 차이는 없었다. 2) 운동참여수준별 허리통증부위는 양쪽이 가장 높게 나타났다. 3) 운동참여수준별 허리통증 지속시간 및 기간은 1-24시간에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 4) 운동참여수준별 허리통증정도는 약한 통증에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 5) 운동참여수준별 지난 1주일 동안의 요통 증상유와 증상무가 유사하게 나타났다. 6) 운동참여수준별 요통 치유방법으로 병원 혹은 한의원 치료와 요통체조 및 운동이 비교적 유사하게 높았다. 7) 운동참여수준별 작업과 무관한 허리를 다친 적이 없다의 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 8) 운동참여수준별 요통경험장소는 작업현장에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 9) 운동참여수준별 요통으로 인한 결근을 한 적이 없는 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 10) 운동참여수준별 허리수술경험이 없는 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 11) 운동참여수준별 요통으로 인한 공상 및 산재치료를 받은 적이 없는 경우가 더 높게 나타났다. 12) 운동참여수준별 요통의 원인은 현재의 직장일에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 볼 때, 근로형태와 개인 운동 능력에 따른 적절한 작업배치와 올바른 운동방법을 습득하여 유연성과 요추 부위의 근육을 강화시키는 등 규칙적인 운동으로 요통을 예방하고 요통 유병률 감소시켜야 할 것으로 사료된다. 또한 사업장에서 적용할 수 있는 요통예방 프로그램을 개발하고 보급하여 이를 정착화하고, 활성화시키는 일이 시급할 것으로 생각된다. 차후 연구에서는 본 연구의 주관적인 응답에 의존한 검사지의 한계점을 극복하여 현장에서 쉽게 적용할 수 있는 요통에 대한 객관적이고 표준화된 조사 방법이 필요할 것으로 본다.


    The purpose of this study was to investigate occuputional cause of low back pain(LBP) from type of work and level of participation for exercise from male productive workers in Kyungnam. For the sake of the results from the pupose of the study, the questionnaire survey was performed on 533 workers to investigate occuputional cause of LBP and I have analyzed 254 persons. Question paper included 5 items related to the type of work, 5 items related to the exercise, 12 items related to LBP. Data were processed by using a SAS PC/Program statistical program. The results were as a following; 1. Occupational cause of LBP from type of work. 1) Occupational cause of LBP in type of work showed that the group of three shifts was the highest than the others and there was difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in period of work showed that the group of 11-20 years was the highest than the others and there was difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in postures of work showed that the group of sit posture was the highest than the others and there was no difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in the type of duty showed that the group of the manual heavy lifting was higher than no the manual heavy lifting and there was difference among all groups. 2) The region of LBP from the type of work showed that region of both sides was the highest than the others. 3) A period of LBP from the type of work showed that the group of from 1 to 24 hours was the highest than the others. 4) A degree of LBP from the type of work showed that the group of a weak pain was the highest than the others. 5) Presence of LBP sysptoms from the type of work for last weekend showed that the group which existence LBP sysptoms was higher than another. 6) Recovering way LBP sysptoms from the type of work showed that groups of medical treatment and LBP gymnastic exercises was relatively higher than the others. 7) Presence of low back injury external work from the type of work showed that group which low back injury external work was higher than another. 8) A place of LBP experience from the type of work showed that the group of the spot of labor was the highest than the others. 9) Presence of absence by LBP from the type of work showed that the group of nothing absence was higher than absence. 10) Presence of low back operation from the type of work showed that the group of nothing low back operation was higher than another. 11) Presence of low back operation from the type of work showed that the group of nothing industry accident remedy was higher than another. 12) A cause of LBP from the type of work showed that the group of the spot of labor was the highest than the others. 2. Occupational cause of LBP from level of participation for exercise. 1) Occupational cause of LBP in frequence of exercise showed that group of over 5 weeks was the highest than the others and there was no difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in type of exercise showed that group of cycling was the highest than the others and there was no difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in period of exercise showed that group of over 6 months was the highest than the others and there was no difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in time of exercise showed that the group which exercising from 30minutes to an hours was the highest than the others and there was no difference among all groups. Occupational cause of LBP in intensity of exercise showed that the group which hard exercising was the highest than the others and there was no difference among all groups. 2) The region of LBP from level of participation for exercise showed that the region of both sides was the highest than the others. 3) A period of LBP from level of participation for exercise showed that the group which exercising from 1 to 24 hours was the highest than the others. 4) A degree of LBP from level of participation for exercise showed that the group of a weak pain was the highest than the others. 5) Presence of LBP sysptoms for last weekend from level of participation for exercise showed that the group which exisencet LBP systoms was higher than another. 6) Recovering way LBP from the type of work showed that the groups of medical treatment and LBP gymnastic exercises was relatively higher than the others. 7) Presence of low back injury external work from the type of work showed that the group of low back injury external work was higher than another. 8) A place of LBP experience from level of participation for exercise showed that the group of the spot of labor medical treatment was the highest than the others. 9) Presence of absence by LBP from level of participation for exercise showed that the group of absence was higher than another 10) Presence of low back operation from level of participation for exercise showed that the group of low back operation was higher than another. 11) Presence of low back operation from level of participation for exercise showed that the group of nothing industry accident remedy was higher than another. 12) A cause of LBP from level of participation for exercise showed that the group of the spot of labor was the highest than the others.


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