초등학생 변화에 대한 교사의 지각
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The present study focused on describing how teachers perceive the characteristics of today's pupils based on factor analysis. And then, sex and age differences in teachers' perception to elementary school children were examined respectably. Also, differences of teachers' perception toward pupils between urban schools and rural schools. For these purposes, 532 teachers(152 male and 380 female teachers) from 7 elementary schools in Changwon and 12 elementary schools rural area. The scale of teachers' perception toward pupils was developed in the present study. The scale was composed of 40 items of Likert type. Factor analysis was adopted to identify the factors structure of the teachers' perception, and T-test and ANOVA were conducted to examine the differences of sex, ages, urban area teachers and rural area teachers. The results were as follows: First, there were three factors of teachers' perception to pupils. Factor I was a sort of self-regulation problem, especially carelessness and psychological weakness. Factor II was another self-regulation problem. The main component of factor II was interpreted as the inconsideration for others, social rule, and responsibility. Factor III was interpreted as a witty-vigorousness. Second, there were significant mean score difference among the three perception factors. The mean of factor II(self-regulation problem 2: inconsideration for others, social rule, and responsibility) was highest in the three factors. And the mean of factor I(self-regulation problem 1: carelessness and psychological weakness) was higher than others. The mean of factor III(witty-vigorousness) was relatively low. Third, there were no difference of perception between male and female teachers. Fourth, rural teachers pointed the self-regulation problem 2: inconsideration for others, social rule, and responsibility more than did urban ones. Fifth, older teachers(above 40 years old) showed more concern about children's self-regulation problem 2: inconsideration for others, social rule, and responsibility than did younger teachers. Sixth, older teachers(above 40 years old) showed more concern about children's witty-vigorousness than did younger teachers.