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政黨制度에 관한 硏究 원문보기

  • 초록

    In contemporary society, democracy is based on the democratic system in which the representatives elected by the people are handling the national affairs instead of the participation of all the people. Most of the democratic countries depend on the political parties in the realization of democracy. So, they may be called as a country of the political party. In other word, because the public in the political reality of the public democracy in modern times are not matured to practice their political right in their own will, the political parties which is the combination of the common interest and desire for the power will lead the politics. Especially, they have crucial roles in the formation of the public opinion in the election and the preliminary formation of the political opinion of the people. For the last fifty years, the democracy in Korea has been greatly developed. These development will be evaluated as an advancement of the culture of politics. On the other hand, the political parties in democratic countries are seriously threatened because they failed to reflect the change of the structure of the society, even the role and function of the parties have expanded. The purpose of this thesis is to study the principle of law concerning the system of political party, and check the problems to make suggestions for the improvement. This will contribute to the development of the democracy with the participation of the people in the policy decision process and the clarification of the role and function of the parties which lead the public opinion. In this regard, the scope of this report is as follows, First, Chapter 2, the General Concepts of Political Party System, examines the party's concepts, the constitutional status, the function and development, and various systems of parties across the world. Especially, as to the constitutional status of a party which there are conflicting theories, I introduce the theories. Chapter 3. I am going to analyze party system of the Korea through study of the legal basis of the party, transition of the party in constitutional law, freedom, right, duty and dissolution of the party etc. at the point of the Korean constitutional law and political party related law: Chapter 4. I will study basic principal and direction of the party system at the view of the crisis of the party and realization of the party democracy. I will also point out problem of the party and suggest a reform measure. Chapter 5. I will summarize above arguments in conclusion. Current studies of the party system were analytical way through analysis of the current law, preceding studies, positive studies of the document and comparative studies of the party system of the foreign countries. Meanwhile, this report mainly focuses on the constitution and the political party law, referencing the foreign countries political party law and theories.


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