카릴 처칠의 극에 나타난 공동 창작을 통한 역사의 재구성 : Light Shining in Buckinghamshire, Cloud Nine, Fen을 중심으로
A Study of Caryl Churchill's Drama:Collaborative Rewriting of the History:Light Shining in Buckinghamshire, Cloud Nine, Fen
iii, 92 p.
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This thesis examines the possibilities of rewriting the history by analyzing three plays of Caryl Churchill; Light Shining in Buckinghamshire, Cloud Nine, and Fen, all of which were performed through the collaborative working with Joint Stock company. As a socialist feminist, Churchill got interested in how the others, who have been traditionally excluded from the governing society, were also eliminated from the history. So she tried to reveal their overlooking existences by dramatizing their social visibilities with various experimental Brechtian strategies. Churchill believed that the history could be reconstructed by the collective identity which was formed under the collaborative writing. Problematizing the traditional interpretation of the history and indicating the vestigial remainder of such thinking in contemporary life, Churchill demonstrates the dual movement between the historical past and the present history-in-the-making. The history itself in her plays is not a given background, but a narrative text that insistently shapes and interrupts the dramatic present, altering audiences' perspectives on the event. This study discusses the dialectical relationship between the history and our consciousness in Churchill's dramatic worlds. Churchill employs discursive devices within and beyond Brechtian dramatic techniques. Her peculiar dramaturgical devices such as transvestism, cross-casting, episodic structure, and manipulation of time sequence are used to achieve the 'alienation effect.' These diverse devices effectively disrupt and subverse the convention of ironic identity on theatrical representation, making the audiences question rather than identify with the characters. Thereby, Churchill illustrates that an individual is able to be changed into social beings as well as to gain more political perspectives. Churchill's three works, Light Shining in Buckinghamshire, Cloud Nine, and Fen are analyzed in this thesis. In Light Shining in Buckinghamshire, Churchill attempts to show the other sides of the history that are disregarded in the history books by uncovering and reevaluating the social outcasts. In Cloud Nine, Churchill satirizes the rigidity of patriarchal sex-role expectations. She illustrates that the outcasts in the male-dominated society experience the transformation from objects into subjects through self-awareness. In Fen, Churchill newly reconstructs the historical perspectives on the outcasts through the collective vision and proposes an alternative social community based on the equal interrelationship. Therefore the purpose of this study is to clarify that Churchill's plays raise the question of the permissible visibility on the dramatic stage, combining artistically this political dimension and theatricality. Her positive reinterpretation of 'otherness' as an alternative possibility offers us an opportunity to take a second look at our usually unshaken premises. And Churchill asserts that the play should be completed by audiences' reception resulting in the social changes in their actual lives.