저소득층 여자 노인들의 영양상태와 이에 관련된 인자에 관한 연구
(A) Study on the nutritional status and associated factors of the low income women elderly
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본 연구는 원주시와 대구광역시에 거주하는 60세 이상의 저소득층 여자 노인들의 영양상태를 판정하고, 영양상태와 관련한 건강상태, 우울도 및 식습관, 건강생활습관을 조사하여 이들 인자와의 관련성을 규명하고자 하였다. 따라서 대구와 원주에 거주하는 저소득층 여자노인들 중 독거노인 51명과 비독거노인 49명을 대상으로 그들의 사회경제상태, 영양상태 및 영양상태 관련 인자를 조사, 분석하였으며 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 평균 나이는 독거노인 75.7±6.5세, 비독거노인 72.4±6.9세로 독거노인이 높았으며, 88.0%가 종교인이었고, 월세를 살고 있는 사람이 가장 많았다. 월평균 소득은 독거노인이 17.1±6.8만원, 비독거노인이 26.9±13.3만원으로 독거노인이 유의적으로 낮았고(p
This survey was carried out to analyse the information concerning nutritional status and associated factors of the poor living-alone aged woman in specific urban areas. 100 elderlies (living-alone elderlies 51, non living-alone elderlies 49) in Daegu and Wonju were investigated and main results were as follows. 1) Average age and income were significantly high in living-alone elderly and total subject's SES was very low in that the score was below 50. 2) Dietary intake data shows the average daily intake of all nutrients didin't reach the RDA for Koreans. Control elderlies' nutrients intake, however, were higher than those of living-alone subjects in spite of being not significantly different except for fat and niacin. Nutritional deficiency of Vit B₂ and Ca was detected among the elderly and MAR as well as NAR was low. CPF ratio was biased for carbohydrate and the proportion of plant food were lower than animal food. 3) Regular eating-time rather than eating frequency was related with the elderies' calorie intake actually. In addition, the aged women eating milk products, vegetables, fruits and milk were significantly high in fat and Ca intake. There was a tendency among living-alone elderlies to be low in serum concentration of all elements rather than non living-alone elderlies but not significant except for GOT, GPT, ALP. And 20% of the subjects had possibility of anemia, however, the level of plasma cholesterol and triglyceride of the participants was possessed in normal range. 84% of the subjects answered that they were suffering from illness and 82% were taking medication. Main disease were arthritis, opthalmologic disease, hypertention and digestive disease and the highly ranked disease symptom was back pain. Blood pressure in the non living-alone elderly subjects was higher than normal range. A physical standard of living-alone elderly was lower than non living-alone elderly but not significant except for TSK and a number of people were assessed obese in spite of low energy intake. A majority of participants were suffering from severe depression and prevalence of depression was high in non living-alone elderly. In conclusion, living with family or living without family is not important factor in nutritional status in the low income women elderly.