어머니의 양육태도와 아동의 학업성적과의 관계연구
(A )study on the relation between the maternal attitude and the academicachievement
vi, 71 p.
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본 연구는 어머니의 양육태도와 아동의 학업성적이 어떤 관계가 있는지를 밝히는데 그 목적을 두었다. 구체적으로, 관련변인에 따른 어머니의 양육태도를 비교하였고, 다음으로 관련변인에 따른 아동의 학업성적을 비교하였으며, 끝으로 어머니의 양육태도와 아동의 학업성적과의 관계를 알아 보았다. 연구대상은 3학년과 6학년에 재학중인 남·여 아동 445명으로 하였다. 어머니의 양육태도 검사는 Schaefer가 제작한 NBRI중에서 선택한 24개 문항과 김기정이 부모-자녀관계에서 사용했던 문항을 본 연구에 맞게 수정한 6개 문항을 혼합하여 대상 아동의 어머니에게 실시하였다. 어머니의 양육태도는 애정, 수용, 독립심 조장, 자율, 성취의 다섯가지 유형으로 분류하였다. 결과 분석은 SPSS/PC+ 프로그램을 이용해서 전산처리 되었으며, 자료 분석을 위한 통계적 방법으로 백분비(%), 상관관계, 변량분석(ANOVA)을 이용하였다. 연구 분석의 결과는 다음과 같이 요약된다. 1. 어머니의 양육태도는 아동의 학년, 성별, 출생순위, 어머니의 직업유무, 종교, 교육 수준에 따라서 차이가 있었다. 어머니의 양육태도는 6학년보다 3학년 아동에게 더 많은 애정을 주었고, 성취압력은 적게 준 것으로 나타났다. 어머니의 양육태도는 남자 아동보다 여자 아동을 수용적으로 대하고 있었다. 또한 어머니는 아동의 출생순위에 따라 양육태도를 달리하고 있었다. 어머니의 양육태도는 첫째 아동에 대해 가장 애정적이었고, 둘째 아동을 가장 독립적으로 양육했으며, 셋째 이하에게 가장 많은 성취압력을 주고 있었다.
The purpose of this study aimed to identify the relationship between the maternal attitude and the academic achievement of a child. It also identified how variable factors that influence on maternal attitude made differences to the academic achievement. And it identified the relations between materanl attitude and the academic achievement. The subjects were randomly selected 445 third and sixth graders in elementary schools. The maternal attitude was measured by 24 questions selected from Schaefer's MBRI mixed with modified 6 questions which were used in "Relation between Parents and Children" test (Kim, 1982). The maternal attitude was classified into five types-affection,accptance,boosting independence,autonomy and accomplishment pressure. In processing the source data, percentage, correlation and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used. The program in SPSS/PC+ system was used to analyze the data. The results were following: 1. maternal attitude made meaningful differences according to the grade, sex and birth order of a child and the presence of job, religion and educational level of a mother. The statistics showed that mothers gave greater affection and less accomplishment pressure to the 3rd graders than to the 6th graders. Mothers assumed more acceptable attitude to female children than to maile children. Maternal attitude also differed by the birth order of a child. Mothers assumed the most affectionate attitude to their first children and brought up the second children most independently and put the most accomplishment pressure to their third and down ward ones. Mothers with no job, tended to assume maternal attitude more accptable and autonomous to their children. The age of a mather made no differences in maternal attitude. When a mother had a higher educational level, she was more affectionate and put less accomplishment pressure. 2. The academic achiecement of a child made meaningful differences by the grade, sex and birth order of child and the presence of job, educational level of a mother. The statistics showed that the academic achievement of the third graders was higher than that of the sixth graders. The academic achiecement had nothing to do with the sex of a child. The fist child marked the best scores than any other brothers ; the following children's scores were getting lower as they were born later. A Child's scores were higher When a mother didn't have a job than when a mother did. The academic achiecement made little differences by the age and religion of a mother. The higher educational level a mother had, the better academic achiecement the child had. 3. Only affectionate attitude was significantly related to the relationship between the maternal attitude and the academic achievement. The academic achiecement was higher when a mother was more affectionate. The statistics showed the differences in affectionate attitude and academic achievement according to the grade, birth order of a child and education level of mother.