韓國스포츠의 近代化에 관한 考察
A study on modernization of sport in Korea
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The purpose of this study was to consider on the development aspects and the characters of sport in Korean folk game through modernization. In that context, both the meaning of modernization in the history of Korea entering to the modem times and the formation and character of modem sports are covered in this study. Modernity generally means as both historical and philosophical concept. Historically, modem times is placed behind the ancient times and the medieval times. Philosophically, it could stand for the "Enlightement" which included three specific notions - credit for reason, change in point of view for nature, belif in progressiveness by science. With unorganized structure, sports or game have made preperatory roles for the appearance of modem sports until 18 century. But late 18 century, the folk game or pre-modern sports began to weaken, which was probably influenced by agricultural revolution. Meanwhile modem sports came to have a firm stand in England first through 18th, 19th centry and gradually began to be spread into America and some European countries. Elias and Dunning paid attention to the force to holdback of blood sports or savageous game in the process of taking shape of modem sports, which had continued along the previous history. Eias indicated that the modern sports is the most effective way to control violence which is caused by civilization process. Guttmann and Adelman systematically presented the character of modern sports. Guttmann presented 7 characteristics for that - secularism, equality, specialization, rationalization, bureaucracy, quantification, records. According to Adelman's, there are 5 differences between modem and premodem sports - organization, rules, competition, role differenciation, public information, statics and records. Korea shows unique situation that tradition and modernity coexist thanks to much shorter period in modernization process than Western countries. That brought about sudden changes in many fields as well as in the field of sports. The Korean traditional game have suffered whole change from folk game to modern sports.