韓國土地政策의 問題點과 改善方向에 관한 硏究
A study on the problems and the ways of improvement of land policy in Korea
iv, 51 p.
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Land policy in Korea is basically oriented towards land utilization, optimized ownership of land, fulfillment of basic demand for land, the return of development profits to the society, stabilized land prices, the establishment of a land transaction system, expansion of utilizing spaces in large cities, etc. First, land utilization and optimized ownership of land, signify that usage should be adequately imposed on land depending upon its functions and aptitudes, and that an effective plan be formulated for succ- essful implementation. This aims at the principle that land is required to owned as needed by those who are substantially in need of it. Second, meeting basic demand for land indicates a policy to incessantly expand buying in advance and saving for emergency land needed, via the government, local autonomous entities, and government- investing organizations, for the purpose of planned supply and stability of prices, of land. Third the return of development profits to the society implies returning to the public use the profits accruing from land development. Fourth, stabilized land prices and the establishment of a land transaction system seem of much significance in that an increase in speculation and imaginary demand eventually rose lane prices. Consequently, the maintenance of optimum land prices and optimized land transactions would be a key to land policy. Fifth, expansion of utilizing spaces in large cities puts its objective on enhancing the efficiency of land utilization in downtown areas and preventing indiscriminate horizontal expansion of land use, especially today when the scale of land usage comes magnified due to an increase in or congestion of, the urban population. Mooted points were projected of land policy in Korea, as follows: 1) It is not so long since Korea worked out its own land utilization plan and began to implement it. 2) One of the major porblems on land utilization consists in the scarcity of resources available. 3) Demand for land is now on the rapid increase. 4) The rise of land prices may be an issue on the level of the national economy. This study focused on what seems to be of much importance in land polity in Korea, and suggested improvements in it via analyses. First, the existing ownership system gets involved with seriously biased ownership. And an improvement in this point may be the limits of land ownership depending upon usage, along with a composit land tax. Second, the existing land transaction system has no reliability, and is not successfully implemented. Thus, a regulatory system is required to be established. Third, the existing land tax system has lots of irrationality. Needed for that reason are the establishment of the public concept of land, a unified land price system, the maintenance of a public land register, a systematized information system, the application of the principle of legislated taxation, a taxation system of land acquisiton and disposition, and the introduction of new ideal taxation systems. It seems that this study has not yet brought forth satisfactory results, and in consequence, further depth researches are required to be conducted in the future.